|1. Maple leaf
2. Newfoundland and Labrador
3. Prince Edward Island
4. Nova Scotia
5. New Brunswick
11. British Columbia
12. Northwest Territories
The idea for Alberta's official tartan began in 1961 at the Edmonton
Rehabilitation Society, a charitable organization set up to teach useful
skills to the disabled. The tartan was designed by Alison Lamb, the
Society's director, and Ellen Neilsen, the weaving instructor, and was
officially adopted by the province in an Act of the Legislature on March
30, 1961. The green represents the province's forests, while the gold
represents its grain fields. The shade of blue, as well as the gold, are
also Alberta's provincial colours.
Its International Tartan Index number is 2055.
British Columbia's official tartan was designed by Eric Ward in 1966, to
celebrate the 100th anniversary of the 1866 union of Vancouver Island and
British Columbia. Its main colours are blue and red, representing the
Pacific Ocean and the maple leaf, and also contains green for forests,
white for the province's official flower, the Pacific Dogwood, and gold
from the coat of arms.
Its International Tartan Index number is 808.
Manitoba's official tartan was designed in 1962 by Hugh Kirkwood Rankine,
and officially adopted by the province in "The Coat of Arms, Emblems
and the Manitoba Tartan Act", which received Royal Assent on May 1 of
that year. The red in the design originates from the Red River Settlement,
founded in 1812 by the Earl of Selkirk, Thomas Douglas, and crofters from
the Scottish Highlands, and the blue was taken from the Clan Douglas
tartan. In addition, the green lines represent the varying cultures and
races that make up Manitoban society, and the gold represents Manitoba's
Its International Tartan Index number is 144.
The official tartan of New Brunswick was commissioned by William Aitken,
Lord Beaverbrook in 1959 and designed by the Loomcrofters in Gagetown, New
Brunswick. It was officially adopted as the provincial tartan by an Order
in Council in the same year. The "beaver brown" colour was
included to honour Beaverbrook, and the red honours the courage and
loyalty of the New Brunswick Regiment and Loyalist settlers.
Its International Tartan Index number is 1880.
|Newfoundland and Labrador
The tartan of Newfoundland and Labrador.The official tartan
of Newfoundland and Labrador was designed in 1955 by Samuel B. Wilansky, a
local store owner on Water Street in St. John's. It was registered in the
Court of the Lord Lyon in 1973. The white, gold, and yellow come from the
province's official anthem, "Ode to Newfoundland":
When sun rays crown thy pine clad hills
And summer spreads her hand
When silvern voices tune thy rills
We love thee, smiling land ...
When spreads thy cloak of shimmering white
At winter's stern command
Thro' shortened day, and starlit night
We love thee, frozen land.
The green represents the pine forests, the white represents snow, the
brown represents the Iron Isle, and the red represents the Royal Standard.
Its International Tartan Index number is 1543.
Nova Scotia's tartan. Nova Scotia's tartan was designed by
Bessie Murray, the President of the Halifax Weavers' Guild. She had
originally displayed the tartan on the kilt of a shepherd in a panel at a
breeders' convention in Truro in 1953, but the design was so admired that
is was afterwards used as the province's tartan. It was registered at the
Court of the Lord Lyon in 1956, making it the first provincial tartan in
Canada, and officially adopted by the province in the Nova Scotia Tartan
Act of 1963. Blue is used for the sea; white, for the granite rocks and
surf; gold, for the Royal Charter; and red for the lion rampant on the
Its International Tartan Index number is 1713.
The idea of an official tartan for Northwest Territories
was proposed by Janet Anderson-Thomson after she attended an RCMP ball in
1966 and noticed that the piper was, as she later described it,
"terribly drab". She and her husband John, a land surveyor, both
discussed the idea with Stuart Hodgson, then Commissioner of Northwest
Territories, who supported it. The design was then created by Hugh
MacPherson (Scotland) Limited of Edinburgh, a tartan designer and
manufacturer, with Anderson-Thomson's colour suggestions: green for the
forests, white for the Arctic Ocean, blue for the Northwest Passage, gold
for the territories' mineral wealth, red-orange for autumn foliage, and a
thin black line to represent the tree line. The tartan was registered at
the Court of the Lord Lyon in 1972, and officially adopted by the
Territorial Council in January 1973.
Its International Tartan Index number is 662.
Ontario's official tartan was designed in 1965 by Rotex
Ltd, but not officially adopted by the province until 2000, when MPP for
Bruce-Grey-Owen Sound Bill Murdoch introduced the Tartan Act, which
received Royal Assent on June 23, 2000. The three shades of green
represent Ontario's forests and fields; the red, its natives; the blue,
its waters; and the white, the sky.
Its International Tartan Index number is 6627.
|Prince Edward Island
Designed by Jean Reed of Covehead, the official tartan of
Prince Edward Island was selected through a contest across the province,
and adopted on June 16, 1960. The red-brown represents the famous red
soil, the green is for the grass and trees, the white is for the surf, and
the yellow is for the sun.
Its International Tartan Index number is 918.
Quebec is the only province whose tartan has not been
officially adopted. Known as the Plaid of Quebec (French: Plaid du Québec),
it was designed in 1965 by Rotex Ltd, which also designed the tartan of
Ontario in the same year. Its colours are derived from the province's coat
of arms, with blue from the upper division, green for the three maple
leaves, red from the centre division, gold for the crown and lion passant,
and white for the scroll containing the province's motto, Je me souviens
(English: "I remember").
Its International Tartan Index number is 1949.
Saskatchewan's tartan was created in 1961 by Mrs. Frank
Bastedo, wife of Frank Lindsay Bastedo, former Lieutenant Governor of
Saskatchewan. The predominantly yellow palette is meant to represent
Saskatchewan's identity as the "breadbasket" of Canada, with
gold for wheat and yellow for rapeseed and sunflower. The other colours
are green for forests, red for the prairie lily, white for snow, brown for
summerfallow, and black for oil and coal.
Its International Tartan Index number is 1817.
The official tartan of Yukon was designed by Janet Couture
of Faro in 1965. Its unique colour palette represents various aspects of
Yukon's culture: yellow for the Klondike Gold Rush and midnight sun,
purple for its mountains, white for snow, blue for water, and green for
forests. It was first proposed as the territorial tartan in 1967, during
the Canadian Centennial, but was not officially adopted until 1984, when
the Yukon Tartan Act was passed by the Yukon Legislative Assembly.
Its International Tartan Index number is 2129.
|The Maple Leaf Tartan
The Maple Leaf Tartan was approved as an official symbol of
Canada on March 9, 2011 by Honourable James Moore, Minister of Canadian
Heritage and Official Languages.
The Canadian Maple Leaf tartan was designed by David Weiser in 1964 in
anticipation of the centenary of the granting of Dominion status to Canada
in 1967. The name Maple Leaf was chosen as Maples are indigenous to Canada
and the leaf, a symbol of nationhood, forms the central feature of the
Canadian Flag, introduced in 1965. It was designed as a commercial venture
by a Canadian, who had been in the fashion world for many years.
In the words of the Commercial Division of the Office of the High
Commissioner for Canada - "In creating the Maple Leaf Tartan fabric,
David Weiser captured the natural phenomena of these leaves turning from
summer into autumn. The green is the early colour of the foliage. Gold
appears at the turn of autumn. Red shows up at the coming of the first
frost. The two tones of brown find their way throughout the leaf creating
a prolific profusion of colour."
Its International Tartan Index number is 2034.